Is There More Than One Type Of Attentional Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
Linda Wechter-Ashkin Ph.D NCSP BC-TMHC ADHD CCSP
There are three types of ADHD which include ADHD with predominately inattentive symptoms, with predominately hyperactive-impulsive symptoms, or with combined symptoms.
What Are Common Symptoms Of ADHD With Predominantly Inattentive Presentation?
This varies from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms include making frequent careless mistakes, difficulty sustaining attention especially when the task is perceived as boring or too challenging, difficulty following through on instructions and completing tasks, difficulty listening when spoken to directly, organizational and time management issues including time blindness and being easily distracted. People with inattentive ADHD are often described as being in their own world. They often lose things necessary for tasks or activities or forget to meet deadlines. Parents and teachers may get frustrated because the child completes assignments but doesn’t turn them in or has no idea what is due and when. They may be seen as daydreaming instead of completing tasks and as taking an incredibly long time to complete assignments. assignments. Adults may have trouble organizing their work area, prioritizing tasks, and meeting deadlines.
What Are Common Symptoms Of ADHD With Hyperactivity And Impulsivity?
Although symptoms of more extreme movement and hyperactivity often dissipate in later adolescence and adulthood, individuals often fidget with things in front of them, and tap their hands or feet or squirm in their seats. They often leave their seats during class or meetings, talk excessively, have racing thoughts, and feel like they are driven by a motor. As younger children they tend to run about or climb in situations where it is inappropriate and can not play or talk quietly. They tend to hyperfocus on activities they enjoy and avoid activities they don’t. Symptoms of impulsivity may include risk taking behaviors without thought of possible consequences, blurting out thoughts, and interrupting others when they are speaking. They have difficulty waiting their turn and tend to be very impatient. Both children and adults may hyper-focus on one task and then lose interest. They tend to seem disorganized, messy, and at times obsessive about certain things.
Individuals with ADHD combined type have symptoms from both the inattentive and hyperactive presentations. If you or your child are exhibiting symptoms of ADHD give us a call at 561-769-9437 to schedule an evaluation.
Are There Social Aspects of ADHD?
Both adults and children with ADHD may experience social awkwardness. They may not know how to appropriately engage in conversations without taking over or shrinking into the background. Individuals with inattentive ADHD often don’t speak up for themselves and may have difficulty making friends due to their difficulty engaging. Individuals with hyperactivity and impulsivity may have difficulty making friends due to their tendency to dominate conversations and to blurt out their honest thoughts and feelings even when they are hurtful. Difficulty with emotional regulation is common so individuals may experience tearfulness, high levels of anger and frustration, sadness and anxiety.
What Is Executive Functioning And How Is That Related To ADHD?
Executive functioning includes the behaviors necessary to effectively complete activities and tasks. Often individuals with ADHD have to be actively taught these skills which include organizing tasks and materials, shifting from one activity to another, initiating tasks, working memory, planning out assignments and prioritizing tasks, inhibiting impulses and emotional regulation.
Are There Other Things To Rule Out When An Individual Is Experiencing Symptoms Of ADHD?
Both mental health and medical diseases may mimic ADHD, such as sleep disorders, thyroid disorders, and seizure disorders so it is important to speak to your physician to rule out those and other possible medical conditions. Our testing will be able to assess whether autism, learning disabilities, anxiety or mood disorders are present. In older adult’s attentional deficits may reveal age-related cognitive impairment or dementia which would need additional follow-up by a neurologist.
Additional Help And Resources
Give us a call at 561-769-9437 and let’s get started.
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